Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms, Side Effects and Treatment

Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms, Side Effects and Treatment

We all in the world love to sleep without any interruption. But sometimes, it occurs during sleep. Some have the difficulty of getting sleep, poor quality sleep, waking up early and much more. Apart from them, there is another problem during sleep time at night or day too. And, in this article, we are going to discuss the problem, its causes, its cures, its symptoms, its diagnosis, and its side effects.

Can you guess what the problem is?

Sleep….

Yes, it is Sleep Apnea. It is a great problem among people in the world and a huge number of us are suffering from this acute problem during sleep. It is a sleep disorder and when a person is having difficulties taking a breath is called sleep apnea. It occurs several times during sleep time and it leads to a serious health problem. When it happens our body and brain do not get sufficient oxygen that can cause a serious damage to our overall health.

Kinds of the sleep disorder:

 There are actually two types of sleep apnea we face when we get asleep. One of them is Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and another is Central sleep apnea (CSA).

OSA is more common than CSA among people around the world. By the blockage of airways in our body, it causes during sleep. On the other hand, CSA is likely less common than OSA. During sleep time, if the brain is unable to send signals to the muscles which maintain breathing, it occurs.

Snoring is higher in OSA than CSA. Actually, those who have central sleep apnea snore less common than those of Obstructive sleep apnea. Besides, there is another type of sleep apnea which is called Complex sleep apnea that is the combination of both.

Its symptoms:

It is almost impossible for a person to identify whether he/she is suffering from this sleep disorder because it happens during sleep time. But a recorder can help identify the problem. The followings are the possible symptoms of sleep apnea.

  • Continuous snoring every night
  • Interruption in breathing
  • Feeling drowsy while driving
  • Waking up suddenly with dry gullet
  • A Headache after getting up in the morning
  • Ill-tempered because of insufficient sleep
  • Having difficulties in concentrating

All the above-mentioned symptoms alarm you whether you are suffering from the sleep disorder or not. If they are happening with your regular, you should consider the issue and try to solve it quickly with the help of a doctor.

Its side effect:

If a person realizes that he/she is suffering from sleep apnea, he/she should consult with a specialized doctor as soon as possible. Sometimes, we think that snoring is not a problem. But it can be a sign of your sleep apnea. So, we should take measures to solve the problem. Otherwise, there may cause some serious health problems like:

  • High blood pressure
  • Overweight, male
  • Heart failure and attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Continuous headaches
  • Stroke

However, it can lessen your productivity in your day to day life. It will not let you concentrate on your regular activities. Children suffer from this problem may not achieve their desired academic goal due to the sleep disorder. So, it should be identified and cured.

Sleep apnea causes:

There are some causes of the sleep disorder and they are as follows:

  • Premature birth
  • Heart failure
  • Obesity
  • Outsized tonsils
  • Neuromuscular conditions and some other.

Sleep apnea treatment:

A positive airway pressure (PAP) machine, implant or mouthpiece can help you solve the issue. But we strongly recommend you to talk to a specialized doctor before taking the final decision. Your doctor can suggest you the best considering the severity of your sleep apnea and the possible solution. Besides, if it is really a big problem for you and you cannot go with it, you can consult with a surgeon to get relief from this irritating and serious health problem. So, at first, try to talk a doctor for the primary suggestion related to your sleep apnea.

You can try to get rid of this sleep disorder at home doing some lifestyle change. Now, probably, you are thinking that how is it possible without a doctor? Yes, it can be if you can

  • Lose your extra weight through regular physical exercises at home
  • Stop drinking alcohol and taking sleeping pills
  • Change sleeping posture for the improvement of your breathing
  • Forget smoking forever

Another method is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine.

Wear the mask before getting asleep over your mouth and hook it up with a machine that supplies nonstop air-flow into your nose. It can help you only if you are back sleepers.

There are dental devices that can help your airway open when you get asleep.

Still, if you have the problem, you can go for surgery because your tonsils may be larger than normal, or you possess a deviated nasal septum, or your lower jaw is with an overbite occurred your throat too narrow to pass enough air flow. For the perfect sleep, you then need a surgery that can relieve you from sleep apnea.

Surgery for sleep apnea includes:

  • Nasal surgery for a deviated septum
  • UPPP (Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty) for increasing the width for passing the flow of air through the airway.
  • Mandibular maxillomandibular advancement surgery for correcting facial and throat problems.

So, to lead a better and healthy life, we should build up some good habits. These are physical exercise, disciplined lifestyle, maintaining a regular routine, getting asleep early and waking up early, walking and much more. They can change our lifestyle from worse to better. But this sleep disorder, sleep apnea can be cause for a number of reasons. If it is detected, we should not delay thinking that it is not a big deal. Instead, we should take proper steps to solve the problem. Otherwise, it can be a serious problem for your health.

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